Depression-The Cognitive Research!

Clinical depression also known as unipolar depression or major depressive disorder is a psychiatric disorder, generally characterized by diffused low mood, lack or loss of interest in any kind of activity or pleasure. Depression is a mood one is feeling completely blue.
Chronic Depression
  • Chronic depression is really serious as it often disables the condition of the person being affected by it.
  • The course of depression varies widely from person to person.
  • It can happen once in a life-time or can have multiple recurrences that appear gradually or suddenly.
  • It can last for an only a period of few months or can actually be there as a life-long disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
    The term depression has a variety of signs or symptoms. They are:
  • Persistent anxious or sad, or gloomy mood
  • Loss of weight or appetite.
  • Patients get prone to insomnia, oversleeping or early-morning awakening.
  • Irritability or restlessness.
  • Feelings of helplessness, inappropriate guilt or worthlessness.
  • Feelings of pessimism or hopelessness.
  • Inabilities to think, remember, concentrate, or make decisions.
  • Suicidal tendency or always thinking about death.
  • Complete loss of enjoyment, pleasure or interest in usual activities.
  • Having low spirits always or being sluggish.
  • Headaches, chronic pain and digestive disorders.
Major Depression
Major depression persists for the whole two weeks as it indicates the severe mood of the person affected. . The episodes of this type of depression may be recurrent or isolated. They can be further categorized as mild, severe or major. The Diagnosticians actually recognize the different subtypes of the depression that is severe or major:
  • Depression with melancholic features – It indicates loss of pleasure, an engrossed depressed mood, early morning waking, anorexia or psychomotor retardation.
  • Depression with Psychotic Features – Some people who are affected by this major depression may experience common psychotic features. They include delusions or hallucinations.
  • Depression with atypical features – It is characterized by the reactivity of mood swings, weight gain or increased appetite, excessive sleep, or leaden paralysis etc.
It is quite possible for a person to be affected by these subtypes of depression. As the person loss pleasure in the usual activities or all of a sudden tends to over-eating and gains weight. So all would one need is to try to make himself feel light and remove the level of depression by best medicine and laughter.

Adolescent Depression-The Severity!

Since 20th century depression is as the major psychiatric disease, affecting eight million people approximately in North America. In the case of depression, adults suffering from psychiatric illness are more prone to death from suicide or accidents than the adults not having any psychiatric disorder. Major depression, including bipolar disorder, often appears at its initial stage during adolescent age, and has severe effects on later morality and morbidity.

Depression in adolescents-A significant severe problem!

  • Depression has actually raised the rate of suicide in adolescents.
  • In the present times adolescent suicide is more evident for deaths of youths aged 15 to 19.
  • Through the recent survey, it is clearly shown that 20% of common adolescents in are suffering from emotional disorders or problems.
  • Depression leads to the serious problems that include difficulties in work and workplace, school, and personal adjustment that continues till adulthood.

Depression- An Emotional Turmoil!

Adolescence is an age or time that brings along with it mood swings, emotional turmoil, gloomy introspection, heightened sensitivity, and great drama. It indicates behavioral experimentation.
  • The diagnosis of teenage depression not only a part of formal clinical interview but a close study of the person affected by his parents, community advisors, and teachers.
  • The premorbid personality of the patient must be closely observed and taken into account.
  • In this case therapeutic alliance is important because the adolescent usually will not be ready to share their feelings with any adult or a stranger unless they have trust or any kind of rapport with them.
  • Faith and confidentiality should be there in order to treat them with the best possible methods.
  • The diagnosis will further require many precautions while dealing with the patients of depression.
The Common Symptoms of Adolescent Depression
Depression has essential symptoms in adolescents and in adults.
  • Pervasive sadness may be epitomized with the black clothes, composition of poetry with diseased themes or music with nihilistic themes.
  • Sleep disturbance visible through by watching television all-night watching, getting up late and with difficulty for school, or sleeping throughout the day.
  • Lack of energy level or motivation.
  • Loss of concentration and unable to think properly.
  • Boredom.
  • Loss of appetite that eventually result in anorexia or bulimia.
  • Adolescent depression can also be observed through conduct or behavior disorder, alcohol abuse, family turmoil.
In this kind of complicated depressive episodes, formal psychological testing will prove to be of great help. In the cases that are difficult most to handle, a trial of a treatment is required to prepare an effective study of the patient suffering from clinical depression or emotional turmoil. 
Postpartum Depression-The Common Most Complication After Pregnancy!
Postpartum depression also known as postnatal depression is a kind of clinical depression that affects women after the birth of a child. The various significant studies or reports show that the prevalent rate of this kind of depression rates among the women from 5% to 25%.
Maternity Blues-A Mild Depressive State!
  • Maternity blues or baby blues refer to the transitory or mild mood swings by which 80% of women suffered after pregnancy.
  • In some cases fathers also suffer from maternity blues or baby blues.
  • The symptoms of this depression last from a period of few hours to several days.
  • They include irritability, tearfulness, sleeplessness, hypochondriasis,   concentration impairment, headache and isolation.
  • The baby or maternity blues don’t have the same nature as postpartum depression.
Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
These symptoms may occur anytime at the very first year postpartum. They include:
  • Sadness
  • Low self-esteem
  • Hopelessness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Guilt
  • Inability to be comforted
  • Eating disturbances
  • Emptiness
  • Inability to enjoy things one previously enjoyed
  • Social withdrawal
  • Becoming easily frustrated
  • Feeling inadequate in taking care of the baby (or feeling like one cannot take care of the baby
  • Low energy
  • Exhaustion
Risk Factors Of Postpartum Depression
There are thirteen factors that are considered as significant predictors of Postpartum Depression. They are:
  • Low self esteem 
  • Prenatal anxiety
  • Childcare stress
  • Low social support
  • History of previous depression
  • Poor marital relationship
  • Life stress
  • Maternity blues
  • Low socioeconomic status 
  • Infant temperament problems
  • Single parent
  • Unplanned or unwanted pregnancy
Some women suffering from Postpartum Depression believe that they aren’t able to take good care of their baby. Some are worried that they might create problem for their baby or can even harm them. It’s really important to understand the normal postpartum emotional changes. Don’t think too much and try not to have feelings that something may be amiss. If you’re really at trouble by your thinking just consult your physician for the immediate help.


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