Diabetes Diagnosis and symptoms

Diabetes is defined as a system malfunction where the glucose levels in the blood are not at normal levels. Insulin is a hormone manufactured in the pancreas and this converts the glucose that food has been broken down in to, into energy. The problem arises when the pancreas produce insufficient insulin or then the insulin that is produced is not being utilized properly by the body, liver, fat and muscles.  Now your cells are getting starved of energy but the glucose in the blood is on a continuous increase.
This increased level of glucose in the blood leads to a condition called hyperglycemia, which leads to damage of nerves and blood vessels and can also lead to problems like stokes, kidney diseases, heart problems etc.
So the how does one know that they have diabetes and how are they going to get a diabetes diagnosis? What does the diabetes testing process involve and what precautions are to be taken to get the diabetes test done?   
There are many causes of diabetes. so if you find that you have a lot of fatigue, sleepiness, excessive hunger, and rapid changes in weight, blurred vision etc then it is advisable to get a diabetes test done. A diabetes diagnosis procedure will eliminate all doubts.  
There is a laboratory conducted diabetes diagnosis which is dependant on the amount of glucose that is found in the urine coupled with an indication of increased blood sugar levels. Now days diabetes testing is done using the fasting plasma diabetes test and diabetes diagnosis is confirmed if the result shows glucose value of 126 mg/dl or higher.   
There is another diabetes testing procedure called the oral glucose tolerance test which is a little more expensive than the normal diabetes test. Here a diabetes diagnosis requires that the value of glucose is 200 mg/dl or greater. The above criteria met during diabetes testing will confirm a diabetes diagnosis and these diabetes tests are repeated the next day to be completely certain.   
There are some other aspects of diabetes testing that one must know about. There is a diabetes test called the casual plasma glucose test where there are no conditions regarding food intake etc and the diabetes test can be done at any time of the day. There symptoms that would define the need for this type of diabetes testing are things like weight loss, polyuria or the polydipsia.  Then there is the diabetes test with fasting which means no food must be eaten for at least eight hours prior to the test.  
There is another diabetes diagnosis done for women when they are pregnant. This is called the gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes testing is recommended for those women who may have history of diabetes in their family.  But there are certain factors that indicate where diabetes testing is required and where diabetes test is not required.
The low-risk group of women would ideally be less than age 25, have standard body weight, no history of diabetes diagnosis in the immediate family and no past obstetric anomalies.
Most diabetes testing procedures require that you have to maintain certain time period of no eating or fasting as it is called prior to the diabetes testing being carried out. The diabetes test itself is not painful nor does it involve invasive procedures.  Blood is drawn at the prescribed times where certain conditions of fasting and eating have been met and then all the diabetes testing is carried out on the blood sample.  


SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES 

Diabetes is diagnosed when there is evidence that the body is unable to regulate its blood sugar levels. It is an indication that there is insufficient insulin being produced. Diabetes is characterized by two types called Type I and Type II. The only and most unchanging of all diabetes symptoms is the change in blood sugar level. The associated side effects of high sugar are the signs of diabetes that you have to look out for.  
A high level of sugar is not something that you can see happening on your skin or in the mirror. There are some effects of high blood sugar that one must beware of as it is the only one perceptible of all symptoms of diabetes.  
Symptoms of diabetes are very evident if the diabetes symptoms of elevated levels of sugar in the blood are present for a long period of time. Non-recognition of the symptoms of diabetes or ignoring the diabetes symptoms can lead to major health problems so it is a good idea to know what you should look out for and be aware of the early signs of diabetes which are in a way sending out warning signals to you. 
Among the many diabetes symptoms,  
  • The first would be thirst. This thirst is not due to heat, exercise or some minor illness.
  • Hunger; excessive in nature, where you know you have eaten a substantial amount but the feeling of hunger does not go away is another of the many symptoms of diabetes. 
  • Do you feel like your bladder is constantly full? Do you wake up in the night to visit the bathroom more times than you can count? Then here is your third of the symptoms of diabetes. Frequent passing of urine is a classic among the symptoms of diabetes.
  • The fifth diabetes symptom is extreme fatigue. This is one of the commonest of symptoms of diabetes. It could is so bad that you could be falling asleep after breakfast, lunch or dinner before you can even relies that you are sleepy.
  • Sudden changes in weight are also part of the signs of diabetes package. This is one diabetes symptom which should send you to the doctor pronto.
 There are causes related to other system malfunctions that can bring on signs of diabetes and symptoms of diabetes.  What one must look out for is the fact that if any of the diabetes symptoms persists for a long time then you need to get yourself tested for diabetes. If the symptoms of diabetes are given due respect then you can keep the disease in control and if treatment starts as the first symptoms of diabetes appear then you can successfully prevent your system from going on to advanced diabetes and all its related problems. Diet, exercise and corrective treatment of high blood sugar will keep advanced level diabetes symptoms at bay. 
Some of the other signs of diabetes that you should not ignore are things like; 
  • Problems of sight, blurring or weakness
  • That tingling sensation in your feet and hands or a numb feeling, one of the symptoms of diabetes is peripheral neuropathy.
  • Your cuts and bruises take forever to heal. This is another of the signs of diabetes as diabetes can affect the immune system.
  • Your skin feels itchy and scratchy all the time. Again, Diabetes symptoms which indicate trouble in the functioning of the sweat glands and in poor circulation.
So if you have any of these signs of diabetes, any of these symptoms of diabetes then your best bet is to get a check up done.  It is not advisable to ignore diabetes symptoms because in the long run, these can develop into a major disease with lots of related problems for you.

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